That reform effort evolved during the 19th century, initially emphasizing a broad spectrum of goals before focusing solely on securing the franchise for women.
Combining the disciplines of literary theory and psychology… Prologue to a social movement In the aftermath of World War IIthe lives of women in developed countries changed dramatically.
Household technology eased the burdens of homemaking, life expectancies increased dramatically, and the growth of the service sector opened up thousands of jobs not dependent on physical strength.
It became a worldwide best seller and raised feminist consciousness by stressing that liberation for women was liberation for men too. Women who had been told that they had it all—nice houses, lovely children, responsible husbands—were deadened by domesticity, she said, and they were too socially conditioned to recognize their own desperation.
The Feminine Mystique was an immediate best seller. Friedan had struck a chord. By Junethey had concluded that polite requests were insufficient. The organization was not an instant success. By the end of its second year, NOW had just 1, members and was racked by ideological divisions. Two other measures stirred enormous controversy: Constitution to ensure equality of rights, regardless of sexand the other demanded the liberalization of contraception and abortion.
When some NOW members called for repeal of all abortion laws, other members left the fledgling organization, convinced that this latest action would undermine their struggles against economic and legal discrimination. Ironically, sexist attitudes had pervaded s radical politics, with some women being exploited or treated unequally within those movements.
It had no officers, no mailing address, no printed agenda. What it did have was attitude. The Redstockings also held speak-outs on rape to focus national attention on the problem of violence against women.
NOW leaders were looking for reform; the more radical women were plotting a revolution. With the eventual backing of the Equal Employment Opportunity Commissionwomen gained access to jobs in every corner of the U.
Record numbers of women ran for—and started winning—political office. InCongress passed Title IX of the Higher Education Act, which prohibited discrimination on the basis of sex in any educational program receiving federal funds and thereby forced all-male schools to open their doors to women and athletic programs to sponsor and finance female sports teams.
And inin its controversial ruling on Roe v.
Wadethe United States Supreme Court legalized abortion.For the first time, a woman was running for US president from one of the two major political parties. It was Democrat Hillary Clinton.
Her nomination was a milestone in the struggle of American women to achieve equality with men. The first gathering devoted to women’s rights in the United States was held July 19–20, , in Seneca Falls, New York. The first women's rights convention is held in Seneca Falls, New York. After 2 days of discussion and debate, 68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sentiments, which outlines grievances and sets the agenda for the women's rights movement.
At the international level, however, the women's rights movement made progress. The preamble to the United Nations (UN) Charter () referred to equal rights for women; in the UN Commission on the Status of Women was established; in the UN General Assembly held a convention on the political rights of women.
The first women's rights convention is held in Seneca Falls, New York. After 2 days of discussion and debate, 68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sentiments, which outlines grievances and sets the agenda for the women's rights movement. The crowd scenes, woven together by movement director Jon Beney, swell and sway with the force of a movement approaching its moment.
Defiant fists punch the air, backed by stirring choral music.