Patricia Benner;1 Ronda G. Clinical reasoning and judgment are examined in relation to other modes of thinking used by clinical nurses in providing quality health care to patients that avoids adverse events and patient harm. The expert performance of nurses is dependent upon continual learning and evaluation of performance. Critical Thinking Nursing education has emphasized critical thinking as an essential nursing skill for more than 50 years.
Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, Greece. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Critical thinking is defined as the mental process of actively and skillfully perception, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of collected information through observation, experience and Improve critical thinking skills nursing that leads to a decision for action.
In nursing education there is frequent reference to critical thinking and to the significance that it has in daily clinical nursing practice. Nursing clinical instructors know that students face difficulties in making decisions related to clinical practice.
The main critical thinking skills in which nursing students should be exercised during their studies are critical analysis, introductory and concluding justification, valid conclusion, distinguish of facts and opinions, evaluation the credibility of information sources, clarification of concepts and recognition of conditions.
Specific behaviors are essentials for enhancing critical thinking. Nursing students in order to learn and apply critical thinking should develop independence of thought, fairness, perspicacity in personal and social level, humility, spiritual courage, integrity, perseverance, self-confidence, interest for research and curiosity.
Critical thinking is an essential process for the safe, efficient and skillful nursing practice. The nursing education programs should adopt attitudes that promote critical thinking and mobilize the skills of critical reasoning.
It is an essential process for a safe, efficient and skillful nursing intervention. Critical thinking according to Scriven and Paul is the mental active process and subtle perception, analysis, synthesis and evaluation of information collected or derived from observation, experience, reflection, reasoning or the communication leading to conviction for action 1.
So, nurses must adopt positions that promote critical thinking and refine skills of critical reasoning in order a meaningful assessment of both the previous and the new information and decisions taken daily on hospitalization and use of limited resources, forces you to think and act in cases where there are neither clear answers nor specific procedures and where opposing forces transform decision making in a complex process 2.
Critical thinking applies to nurses as they have diverse multifaceted knowledge to handle the various situations encountered during their shifts still face constant changes in an environment with constant stress of changing conditions and make important decisions using critical thinking to collect and interpret information that are necessary for making a decision 3.
Critical thinking, combined with creativity, refine the result as nurses can find specific solutions to specific problems with creativity taking place where traditional interventions are not effective.
Even with creativity, nurses generate new ideas quickly, get flexible and natural, create original solutions to problems, act independently and with confidence, even under pressure, and demonstrate originality 4.
The aim of the study is to present the basic skills of critical thinking, to highlight critical thinking as a essential skill for nursing education and a fundamental skill for decision making in nursing practice.
Moreover to indicate the positive effect and relation that critical thinking has on professional outcomes. These skills include critical analysis, introductory and concluding justification, valid conclusion, distinguishing facts and opinions to assess the credibility of sources of information, clarification of concepts, and recognition conditions 67.
Critical analysis is applied to a set of questions that relate to the event or concept for the determination of important information and ideas and discarding the unnecessary ones. It is, thus, a set of criteria to rationalize an idea where one must know all the questions but to use the appropriate one in this case 8.
The Socratic Method, where the question and the answer are sought, is a technique in which one can investigate below the surface, recognize and examine the condition, look for the consequences, investigate the multiple data views and distinguish between what one knows and what he simply believes.
This method should be implemented by nurses at the end of their shifts, when reviewing patient history and progress, planning the nursing plan or discussing the treatment of a patient with colleagues 9.
The Inference and Concluding justification are two other critical thinking skills, where the justification for inductive generalizations formed from a set of data and observations, which when considered together, specific pieces of information constitute a special interpretation In contrast, the justification is deduced from the general to the specific.Nursing critical thinking skills drive the decision-making process and impact the quality of care provided,” says Georgia Vest, DNP, RN and senior dean of nursing at Rasmussen College School of plombier-nemours.com://plombier-nemours.com The Value of Critical Thinking in Nursing + Examples Clinical skills in nursing are obviously important, but critical thinking is at the core of being a good nurse.
Critical thinking skills are very important in the nursing field because they are what you use to prioritize and make key decisions that can save plombier-nemours.com://plombier-nemours.com /the-value-of-critical-thinking-in-nursing.
· thinking as it applies to nursing education, as well as to identify components of critical thinking skills as they apply to nursing, and to describe strategies used to teach critical thinking in plombier-nemours.com Critical thinking skills are also imperative when prioritizing care-a key ability during high stress situations.
Nurses are presently working at maximum capacity and the demands will continue to increase as older nurses retire and the population plombier-nemours.com://plombier-nemours.com Critical thinking skills are an important aspect of nursing. The concept can be a nightmare for some nursing students who struggle to understand.
It’s a popular topic for many a nursing thesis or publication which many times only serves to further confuse the plombier-nemours.com demystifying-critical-thinking-skills.
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