Das and an admirer of Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini.
Bose his files and rewriting his history Millennium Post The discussions on Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, in the recent past have overwhelmingly focused either on the declassification of his files and the mystery surrounding his death, or the " fascist " tag, completely overshadowing his Rewriting Netaji's history goes much beyond these media grabbing issues.
In fact, I find it demeaning because Netaji's actual contribution is no less if not more than several of the leaders around whom our " history " has revolved. Some facts like, he played an instrumental role in India's freedom struggle and built the Indian National Army INA are widely known but many other aspects of his dynamic life and personality have neither been researched nor highlighted.
Bose was already a well known and popular figure when he landed in Sumatra in and made Southeast Asia his field of action.
He crisscrossed the region and was greeted everywhere with great fervour. Being fully aware of the importance of propaganda calling it more powerful than " howitzers " he used all the available means like public rallies, speeches, print media, radio to showcase his cause and put forth his ideas.
The meticulous planning and efficiency with which he organised the INA, ran the Provisional Government of Free India, and pursued diplomacy with other Asian powers, in addition to his ideas of non-communal national cohesiveness, left a long lasting impression on the subsequent movements and leaders in South East Asia.
Nevertheless, most significant impact of Bose's advance in Southeast Asia was on the Indian communities settled in the region.
Bose carried the national struggle beyond the borders of India and gave the expatriate Indians, a unique courage, self-respect, and unity, to fight for the cause. Indians in Southeast Asia were a divided lot at the time or still are constituting people of different languages, cultures, regions, castes, religions, occupations, as well as belonging to different phases and patterns of migration from the Indian subcontinent.
The larger section belonged to the labour class forming the lowest rung of the society in terms of economic and the social status. By taking the Indian political consciousness and freedom struggle to the Southeast Asian soil, Bose managed to bring together these otherwise scattered and divided Indian communities in an unprecedented unity.
Although the INA was already functioning under Capt. Mohan Singh, the advent of Netaji completely galvanised it. He recruited Indians from across all castes, classes, religions, regions, including women, youth, and the marginalised. The expatriate Indians looked up to Bose as the answer to their prayers and committed their wealth and services to him.
Participation in INA activities, and the military training gave a sense of dignity and self-confidence to the otherwise subjugated or resented Indian communities. They were exposed to a whole new world view in the INA camps and were fed with political activism and leadership skills which got an expression in the labour and social movements in the years to come.
The movement also had an impact on the socio-cultural milieu of the expatriate Indians. The participation of women in the INA activities almost created social revolution. Women came out from their traditional roles and took mainstream responsibilities fully at par with men.
They were trained, they fought, and they took leadership positions opening new vista towards women liberation. Another remarkable attribute which Bose displayed was the exceptional diplomatic genius and precision with which he dealt with various issues at the same time successfully managing to strike a near perfect balance between all the stakeholders.
When Bose arrived in the region, Indian communities were caught up in problematic issues like citizenship, vernacular education, and remittances with the locals and the governments.
In Malaya, the direct result of Indian participation in INA was the politicisation of the Indians who then on became very active in the local politics. Bose's diplomatic manoeuvres in Burma can be cited as the most interesting case.
This was when Burmese Independence Army which was fighting against the British with Japanese help turned against the.The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj; lit.: Free Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in in Southeast Asia during World War II.
Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule. As a leader in the army, one must be able to stand for the army’s leadership values as a direct representation and they must be able to be a role model for their soldiers to follow.
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The British Empire at War Research Group Research Papers No. 6 () ‘Waging War against the King’: Recruitment and Motivation of the Indian National Army, Kevin Noles. 2 The British Empire at War Research Papers series publishes original research online, including seminar and conference presentations, theses, and synoptical.
View Indian National Army Research Papers on plombier-nemours.com for free. The Indian National Army has been neglected in accounts of the Second World War in South-east Asia. It grew out of the defeat of British Empire forces in Malaya and Singapore in , with captured Indian officers and men of the British Indian army volunteering to fight alongside the Japanese in order to further the cause of Indian nationalism.
Article shared by. Essay on Indian National Army (INA)! After the close of First World War Indians thought of organising national independence movement outside India, particularly in Far-East countries.